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Some features of this site may not work without it. Foetal development of skeletal muscle in bovines as a function of maternal nutrition, foetal sex and gestational age.
Purpose: The magnitude of atrophy and strength loss induced by partial or complete disuse of skeletal muscles varies greatly among individuals.
Choat, J. Paterson, B. Rainey, M. King, G. Smith, K. Belk, R. Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of sex on carcass traits and cooked beef steak palatability. In Exp. No implants were administered, and heifers were not fed melengestrol acetate to suppress estrus.
All management factors were equal across experiments except that intact heifers were fed melengestrol acetate to suppress estrus in Exp. Steers in Exp. Spayed heifers Exp. The effects of sex on tenderness were examined at a common level of fat-thickness and marbling by covariate analysis.
These findings suggest that sex should be added to the list of antemortem factors contributing to variation in cooked beef steak tenderness. However, more research is needed to precisely identify those factors contributing to the lower tenderness observed for steaks from heifer carcasses.
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Prior resistance training and sex influence muscle responses to arm suspension
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